90 Capsules $25.98
Vegetarian Formula * Dietary Supplement
Food Selenium E Complex is a 100% Food complex nutrientwith extremely important antioxidant properties.
Why another vitamin E? Because most vitamin E sold is not Food. Natural vitamin E “as found in Foods is [d]-alpha tocopherol, whereas chemical synthesis produces a mixture of eight epimers”  (natural vitamin E has recently been renamed to be called RRR-alpha-tocopherol whereas the synthetic has now been renamed to all-rac-alpha-tocopherol, though supplement labels rarely make this clear; on supplement labels d-alpha-tocopherol is generally ‘natural’, whereas dl-alpha-tocopherol is synthetic ). Natural RRR-alpha-tocopherol has 1.7 - 4.0 times the free radical scavenging strength of the other tocopherols, RRR-alpha tocopherol has 3 times the biological activity of the alpha-tocotrienol form, and synthetic vitamin E simply does not have the same biologic activity of natural vitamin E (some synthetic forms have only 2% of the biological activity of RRR-alpha-tocopherol) . The biologic activity of vitamin E is based on its ability to reverse specific vitamin E-deficiency symptoms , therefore it is a scientific fact that, overall, synthetic vitamin E has less ability to correct vitamin E deficiencies than Food vitamin E. There is an interesting reason for this, which is that the body regulates plasma vitamin E through a specific liver alpha-tocopherol transfer protein, whereas it has no such protein for other vitamin E forms . Or in other words, the liver produces a protein to handle vitamin E found in Food, but not for the synthetic forms!
Even mainstream researchers teach, “Vitamin E is the exception to the paradigm that synthetic and natural vitamins are the equivalent because their molecular structures are identical...Synthetic vitamin E is produced by commercially coupling trimethylhydroquinone (TMHQ) with isophytol. This chemical reaction produces a difficult-to-separate mixture of eight isomers”  (vitamin E, of course, is not the only exception--all nutrients are better if they are Food). Isolated natural vitamin E has been found to have twice the bioavailability as synthetic vitamin E . The form of vitamin E found in Food has been found to be 2.7 times more better retained in the body than a synthetic form —this appears to be because the body attempts to rid itself of synthetic forms as quickly as possible . Food Vitamin E has been proven to have 12 micro moles per gram T.E. of lipophilic ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) —ORAC is essentially a measurement of the ability to quench free radicals (antioxidant ability). It is interesting to note that so-called “natural” forms (like succinate) do not even work like Food Vitamin E—Even the PDR notes, “d-Alpha-Tocopherol succinate itself has no antioxidant activity” , so why would anyone want that for their vitamin E supplement?
Vitamin E is necessary for the optimal development and maintenance of the nervous system as well as skeletal muscle . Vitamin E deficiency can lead to certain anemias, nutritional muscular dystrophy, reproductive problems, and hyperlipidemia . Vitamin E has been shown to reduce the risk of various cancers, coronary heart disease, cataract formation, and even air pollution [2,3]. It also is believed it may slow the aging process and decrease exercise-induced oxidative stress [2,3]. Artificial fats seem to increase the need for vitamin E . Vitamin E content is highest in vegetable oils, also relatively high in avocados (4.31 i.u. each)  and rice bran .
What about selenium? The three most common forms of selenium in supplements are sodium selenite, seleniomethionine, and Food selenium. The predominant form of selenium found in the body (and in Food selenium) is selenocysteine . A study using 247 mcg/day of high-selenium yeast found that plasma selenium levels were 2-fold higher than baseline values after 3 and 9 months and returned to 136% of baseline after 12 months, whereas there was a 32% increase in blood glutathione levels also seen after 9 months . This change coincided with a 26% decrease in protein-bound glutathione and a 44% decrease in the ratio of protein-bound glutathione to blood glutathione. The changes in glutathione and protein-bound glutathione were highly correlated with changes in plasma selenium levels and were believed to reflect a reduction in oxidative stress, thus it appears that Food selenium is a much stronger antioxidant than non-food forms. Oxidative stress can result in the production of glycation end-products tend to also accumulate in the brains of those who develop Alzheimer’s or similar forms of dementia . Selenium seems to support thyroid hormone production, function as part of many enzymes, have antioxidant effects, and supports cardiovascular health . It has been reported that yeast selenium seems to reduce toxicity associated with cisplatin chemotherapy  and cancer mortality in some . Based on animal research, Dr. David Williams claims that selenium is “better than a flu shot”, because selenium-deficiency “may cause a harmless strain of the flu virus to mutate into a virulent pathogen” and that selenium may reduce lung-damage associated with the flu .
Sodium selenite is not a Food, but is the result of combining sodium hydroxide and selenious acid; sodium selenite is commonly used to remove green color from glass during glass manufacturing . Why would anyone want to take that as part of their food supplement? Interestingly in 1999, the Nobel prize in medicine was awarded for the finding that humans need protein chaperones in order for minerals like selenium to be absorbed into the cell. Selenium mineral salts do not contain protein chaperones, yet 100% Food Selenium E Complex naturally contains protein chaperones such as ceruloplasmin and ATX1 [18,19].
100% Food Selenium E Complex also naturally contains superoxide dismutase (S.O.D.). S.O.D. “is one of the most important enzymes that functions as a cellular antioxidant...The absence of this enzyme is lethal” . The benefits of S.O.D. are enhanced in the presence of vitamin E . Studies show that S.O.D. is helpful for heart, lung, joints, kidneys, liver, muscles, and skin [20-22].
100% Food Selenium E Complex also contains rice bran and other vegetable fiber per tablet. Both soluble and insoluble are important for human health. Few women meet the National Cancer Institute recommendations for fiber . Dietary fiber helps regulate nutrient absorption, sterol metabolism, cecal fermentation, and stool weight . Shortages may lead to cholesterol problems, certain cancers, digestive problems, cardiovascular concerns, and nutrient problems [23,24]. Rice bran is also a Food source of silicon and B vitamins [11,25,26].
It is no wonder, that once they know the science, that professionals interested in optimal natural health recommend Food Selenium E Complex as the preferred 100% Food source of natural vitamin E and selenium.
 Farrel PM, Robert RJ. Vitamin E. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th ed. Lea & Febiger, Phil.;1994:326-341
 Traber MG. Vitamin E. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed. Williams & Wilkins, 1999:347-362
 An Overview of Vitamin E Efficacy. VERIS Research Information Service, November 1998
 Burton GW, et al. Human plasma and tissue alpha-tocopherol concentrations in response to supplementation with deuterated natural and synthetic vitamin E. Am J Clin Nutr, 199867(4):669-684
 Traber MG, Elsner A, Brigelius-Flohe R. Synthetic as compared with natural vitamin E is preferentially excreted as alpha-CEHC in human urine: studies using deuterated alpha-tocopherol acetates. FEBS Letters, 1998;437:145-148
 ORAC Test by Brunswick Laboratories, Wareham (MA), February 2006
 Sheldon SS, Rorvik D, ed. PDR for Nutritional Supplements, 1 st ed. Medical Economics, Montvale (NJ), 2001
 Schlagheck TG, et al. Olestra’s effect on vitamins D and E in humans can be offset by increasing dietary levels of these vitamins. J Nutr,1997;127(8):1666S-1685S
 Avocados rise to the top. Nutr Week, 2001;31(24):7
 Rice bran, crude. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18, 2005
 Levander OA, Burk RF. Selenium. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th ed. Lea & Febiger, Phil., 1994:242-263
 El-Bayoumy K, Richie JP Jr, Boyiri T, Komninou D, Prokopczyk B, Trushin N, Kleinman W, Cox J, Pittman B, Colosimo S. Influence of Selenium-Enriched Yeast Supplementation on Biomarkers of Oxidative Damage and Hormone Status in Healthy Adult Males: A Clinical Pilot Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002;11:1459-1465
 Rottkamp CA, Nunomura A, Raina AK, et al. Oxidative stress, antioxidants, and Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord, 2000;14(S1):S62-S66
 Ya-Jun, H, et al. The protective role of selenium on the toxicity of cisplatin-contained chemotherapy regimen in cancer patients. Bio Trace Element Res, 1997;56:331-341
 Clark LC, et al. Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin. JAMA, 1996; 276:1957-1963
 Williams D. Selenium: Better than a flu shot. Alternatives for the Health Conscious Individual, 2002;9(18):142-143
 Budavari S, et al. The Merck Index, 12th ed. Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station (NJ), 1996
 Rouhi AM. Escorting metal ions: protein chaperone protects, guides, copper ions in transit. Chem Eng News, 1999;11:34-35
 Himelblau E, et al. Identification of a functional homolog of the yeast copper homeostasis gene ATX1 from Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 1998;117(4):1227-1234
 Thomas JA. Oxidative stress, oxidant defense, and dietary constituents. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th ed. Lea & Febiger, Phil.;1994:501-512
 Null G. The Complete Encyclopedia of Natural Healing. Kensington, NY, 1998
 Null G. The Clinician’s Handbook of Natural Healing, Kensington, NY, 1998
 Thompson FE, et al. Sources of fiber and fat in the diets of U.S. women ages 19 to 50: implications for nutritional education and policy. Am J Pub Health 1992, 82(5):695-702
 Dietary fiber: importance of function as well as amount. Lancet 1992, 340:1133-1134
 Jensen B. The Chemistry of Man. Bernard Jensen, Escondido, 1983
 Nielsen FH. Ultratrace minerals. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed. Williams and Wilkins, Balt.;1999:283-303
Some of these studies (or citations) may not conform to peer review standards (though most do). Therefore, the results are not conclusive. Professionals can, and often do, come to different conclusions when reviewing scientific data. None of these statements have been reviewed by the FDA. All products distributed by Doctors’ Research, Inc. are nutritional and are not intended for the treatment or prevention of any medical condition.